Marubeni India Pvt. Ltd. v DIT (ITA 1042/2011 dtd 25.04.2013) Delhi High Court Background: The assessee is a private limited company incorporated in India under the Companies Act, 1956. It is a 100% subsidiary of Marubeni Corporation, Japan(MCJ). It carries on mainly two types of business – agency and market research business. The assessee filed a return of income on 31.10.2002 declaring “nil” income for AY 2002-03. In the course of the assessment proceedings, the assessee’s case was referred to the transfer pricing officer (TPO). The TPO proposed an addition of Rs 2,60,49,881/- on the ground that the commission and service fees received by the assessee from MCJ did not represent arm’s length price. The TPO treated the interest income of Rs 1.72 crores received by the assessee as non-operating income. Because of this treatment accorded to the interest, the profits of the companies which were taken for comparison purposes were found to be more than the profits earned by the assessee. The TPO was further of the view that in respect of the services rendered by the assessee, it should be remunerated on a cost-plus basis and the total costs should be made the basis of computing its earnings and not merely the commission and fixed feespaid to it.